转载  C#模拟http 发送post或get请求

分类: 2015-01-20T15:46:54    405人阅读   
private string HttpPost(string Url, string postDataStr)
        {
            HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(Url);
            request.Method = "POST";
            request.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";
            request.ContentLength = Encoding.UTF8.GetByteCount(postDataStr);
            request.CookieContainer = cookie;
            Stream myRequestStream = request.GetRequestStream();
            StreamWriter myStreamWriter = new StreamWriter(myRequestStream, Encoding.GetEncoding("gb2312"));
            myStreamWriter.Write(postDataStr);
            myStreamWriter.Close();
 
            HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
 
            response.Cookies = cookie.GetCookies(response.ResponseUri);
            Stream myResponseStream = response.GetResponseStream();
            StreamReader myStreamReader = new StreamReader(myResponseStream, Encoding.GetEncoding("utf-8"));
            string retString = myStreamReader.ReadToEnd();
            myStreamReader.Close();
            myResponseStream.Close();
 
            return retString;
        }
 
        public string HttpGet(string Url, string postDataStr)
        {
            HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(Url + (postDataStr == "" ? "" : "?") + postDataStr);
            request.Method = "GET";
            request.ContentType = "text/html;charset=UTF-8";
 
            HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
            Stream myResponseStream = response.GetResponseStream();
            StreamReader myStreamReader = new StreamReader(myResponseStream, Encoding.GetEncoding("utf-8"));
            string retString = myStreamReader.ReadToEnd();
            myStreamReader.Close();
            myResponseStream.Close();
 
            return retString;
        }

在post的时候有时也用的到cookie,像登录163发邮件时候就需要发送cookie,所以在外部一个cookie属性随时保存 CookieContainer cookie = new CookieContainer();

!注意:有时候请求会重定向,但我们就需要从重定向url获取东西,像QQ登录成功后获取sid,但上面的会自动根据重定向地址跳转。我们可以用:
request.AllowAutoRedirect = false;设置重定向禁用,你就可以从headers的Location属性中获取重定向地址

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